Sun style Taijiquan was developed by the famous martial artist Sun Lu Tang (1861-1932). Sun style Taijiquan is the most recently developed of the five major styles which were taught when Taijiquan was first made public. His great reputation as a martial artist made Sun a sought after master but Sun never taught his art to promote violence, he taught it to promote peace and good health. His daughter, Sun Jian Yun, continues to teach the style and through the the liberalisation of China, Sun Jian Yun, his daughter, has been able to meet with foreign enthusiasts adding new impetus to the promotion of the style.
Bagua (also known as Pa Kua) comprises one of the major 3 internal styles of China alongside Xingyi (Hsing-i) and Taiji (Tai Chi). As with these other 2 internal styles, the practice of Bagua generates Qi (internal energy) for both health and combat purposes. Baguazhang features almost exclusive use of palm techniques, thus making Bagua uniquely distinct from the Xingyi and Taiji styles, both of which focus largely on fist techniques.
As with most styles of Chinese martial arts the origins of xingyi quan (aka hsing-i chuan, xing-i, or hsing yi) are shrouded in mystery. This ancient martial art has been said to elongate the life expectancy and purify the morality of its practitioners, as well as greatly improving their self-defense capabilities. Most attribute at least some important role in xingyi's evolution to General Yue Fei , a legendary hero from the Sung Dynasty (circa 1103-1142 ). Although most scholars agree that General Yue did not invent the art, he is often given credit as the founding father as a result of his attempts to promote Hsing I through his military endeavors.
Tai Chi Ch'uan (also spelled Taijiquan) translates to "Supreme Ultimate" or "Undifferentiated reality" for Tai Chi, and "Fist/Boxing" for Ch'uan (in boxing the Chinese understand a broader and deeper fighting art than the term implies in the West). Along with Bagua and Xing-Yi, Tai Chi is one of three fighting arts that are classified together as applications of internal kungfu. By internal, we mean that the art develops inner strength through the careful attention to internal sensations and linkages, and to their causes.
Northern Shaolin - BEI SHAO-LIN / BAK SIL LUM
Northern Shaolin Kung Fu is an external style directly descended from the system taught at the Shaolin Temple. The temple, located on Mt. Songshan at Dengfeng in Henan Province, was originally built for the Indian Buddhist monk Ba Tuo by Emperor Wen Di of the Liu Song period in 495. The history of Shaolin kung fu begins later, in 527, with the arrival of the Indian monk Bodhidharma (Ta-Mo in Chinese). Ta-Mo, the twenty-eight Buddhist patriarch, noticed upon his arrival that many monks displayed symptoms of improper nutrition and lack of exercise, and thus could not concentrate properly during meditation.
Hung Gar's origins go back to the original Shaolin Temple in Henan province. Legend has it that one of the monks, Gee Sin Sim See, fled the temple as it was burned down by the Qing government soldiers in 1768, and brought Shaolin kungfu to Fukian province in the South. There, according to legend, Master Gee See taught Hung Hei Goon (a Fukian tea merchant) the Shaolin Tiger Style. Hung, being a curious man, always sought to improve his skills.
Introduction to Kung Fu Training
As the translation of kung fu implies, kung fu training and knowledge is not one that lasts a short time, nor one that leads to a final level, or goal. Kung Fu does not propose that one can learn a few techniques and be called a master. Kung Fu is an art learned over many, many years, an art where one may continually refine their ability and learn new things about the skill, the movements, the body and one's self.
Introduction to Kung Fu
Its beginnings can be traced back more than three thousand years in China, when personal combat first developed into a science. But it is only during the Han Dynasty (around 200 CE) that records of empty-hand and empty-hand against weapon combat techniques and strategies are printed in a chapter of Han Shu I Chih. The earliest records of martial arts schools date back to the era of the Six Dynasties (264-581 CE). The next major chapter in the history of Chinese martial arts is traced back to contributions from Ch'an Buddhism, and the foundation of the infamous Shaolin Temple.