Many Generals preferred the use of the spear because its techniques and applications were superior to those of other weapons. Because the spear was normally light it could be wielded around with quickness and agility. The spears movements are normally compared to a swimming dragon. The spear was primarily used for stabbing although it could be used for sweeps, slashes and blocking. Blocking is usually done with the shaft part of the spear. Since the spear was so versatile it was given the title ¡°King of the Long Weapons¡±.
The Shaolin spear in which most of you are familiar is made up of a white wax wood. That only grows in Northern China. This wood is used because of the flexibility and spring-like quality. The spears butt or end is thick but tapers down in thickness, as it gets closer to the tip. The tip of the spear is made of steel and is shaped like an arrowhead with two edges. One of the most noticeable characteristics is the red tassel that was bound at the spearhead base. The tassel served a couple purposes. First off the tassel was used to distract the opponents attention away from the spearhead. Second, and more importantly the tassels stopped the flow of blood from the blade onto the shaft of the spear. This was very crucial because the spear could become very slippery to hold and also if the blood would get onto the shaft and began to dry the stickiness could affect the sliding techniques of the spear.
The length varied from around 7 feet (2 meters) long, commonly used by infantry, increasing up to the length of 13 feet (4 meters) favoured by cavalry.
Many Chinese martial arts feature spear training in their curriculum. The conditioning provided by spear technique is seen as invaluable and in many styles it is the first weapons training introduced to students.
In ancient China, many advanced martial artists/warriors knew that this pointed implement under the usage of a proficient spear player was usually both lethal and formidable. Two of the top spear proponents were the famous General Yueh Fei and the first Woman Warrior-Fa Mu Lan. Both warriors were considered invincible due to their proficiency of the spear in combat. (Stories have it that General Yueh Fei developed the Xing Yi mind-shaping boxing system based on his proficiency with the spear and other martial art systems.)
It has been rumored that during the "Water Margin" period of ancient China some of "Leung Mountains" heroes of the "Water Margin" fame were proficient spear players. The best spear player of that group was a "Leopard Head" Lin Chung whose finishing move was the "Returning Horse Spear Thrust." This movement was a reverse body, retreating tactic that lures the pursuing attacker into a state of frenzy. Then the spear player would abruptly stop and deploy an overturning body spear thrust at his opponent. When executed correctly, the spear rarely misses its target.
In Chinese martial arts, it has become rare to find a good-quality heavy weight spearhead. Sifu Wing Lam has commissioned the manufacture of these Combat Spears and Spearheads to fulfill the need of those martial artists who cannot take the custom route. Check out the combat stainless steel spear, the heads are made of extremely rigid stainless steel whose weight promises to increase your overall striking speed and power. We also have available other spear variations such as the lighter Wu Shu spear and the double headed spear called the Shuang Tou Qiang.